What to Do in Specific Security Situations
Explosions may be caused by gas leaks, electrical malfunctions, or intentionally placed bombs. Historically, bombs are the weapon of choice for terrorists targeting transit systems. Bombs can be life threatening at the explosion point and surrounding areas due to blast pressure, heat, thermal effect, and flying objects. Explosions may also weaken or affect nearby structures and utilities that can in-turn be hazardous. In the event of an explosion, understand and adhere to the following:
- Take cover. If you anticipate or see a bright flash or hear the explosion, immediately get low or hide behind a solid object. This provides some protection from projectiles and shrapnel.
- Report the explosion as quickly and accurately as possible. This information can greatly help determine suitable countermeasures for emergency responders and agency response.
- Stay away from the damaged area.
- Be aware of the possibility of secondary explosions.
- If trapped by the explosion, remain calm and wait for rescuers. Stay still
to prevent stirring up dust and further trapping or injuring yourself. Speak as little as possible to avoid inhaling dust until you are able to communicate with a rescue worker. Make noise by tapping on something to signal rescue workers of your presence.
- Assess your surroundings and evaluate the situation to determine if
Emergency Medical Services are required.
- If Emergency Medical Services are essential, follow agency procedures for acquiring further assistance.
- In the meantime, administer first aid if qualified to do so and if found necessary. Remember, only move seriously injured persons
if immediate danger threatens further injuries.
- Inspect your facility for damage. Also, check for and be aware of additional environmental dangers such as leaking gas, chemical spills, fires, or downed wires near your facility.
- Stay in the vehicle. It can provide protection from the initial and secondary explosions.
- Contact your agency to report the incident or to further understand if and how the explosion will impact your route and service schedule.
- Keep communications open for further instructions.
- If a power line falls on the vehicle, you and your customers are at risk of electrical shock. Remain inside until trained personnel respond and remove the wire.
- If the emergency could impact the physical stability of the roadway or rail right- of-ways, avoid overpasses, bridges, power lines, signs, and other hazards.
- Bus and Van: If there is an explosion or other factor that makes it difficult to control thevehicle, do your best to pull over, stop the vehicle, and set the parking brake.